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Metro Relationships



Metro systems of the world are diverse, but some of them are obviously, or not so obviously, related.

Some use the same or similar trains, have similar station design, or both — or something else is related, in a technical sense. The following list includes suggestions from a discussion at Skyscrapercity. This page last modified 4 Dec 2016. Database entries can be more recent.



Ansaldo-Breda family
Members: Brescia, Copenhagen, Milan (Line 5),
Characteristics: Similar trains.

Australian commuter trains family
Members: Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, Sydney,
Characteristics: Similar system and train design.

Chinese family
Members: Beijing, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Nanjing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Wuhan,
Characteristics: Unadorned, clean and solid station design, often using coloured plates. Western-style trains. Hong Kong acted as consultant for most Chinese metro cities.

Former Soviet family
Members: Baku, Dnepropetrovsk, Kazan, Kharkov, Kiev, Minsk, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan,
Characteristics: The same type of trains is used, stations are often lavishly decorated and made of marble or other natural stone. Many of these cities began with a triangular three-line network layout and three transfer stations.
Derivatives: Warsaw Pact family.

German S-Bahn family
Members: Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart,
Characteristics: Using the same commuter train types (ET420, ET423). Similar underground station design.
Derivatives: S-Bahn and regional train types in other German regions.

German-Austrian family
Members: Berlin, Munich, Nuremberg, Vienna,
Characteristics: Using similar trains.
Derivatives: Hamburg Consult family.

Hamburg Consult family
Members: Amsterdam, Athens, Dublin (DART), Hamburg (types DT2, DT3),
Characteristics: Hamburg's metro operator had been consultant to other cities until the 1970s, so the older train types in these cities look similar.

Istanbul-Caracas family
Members: Caracas, Istanbul,
Characteristics: Using similar trains.

Japanese-Korean family
Members: Busan, Daegu, Daejeon, Fukuoka, Gwangju, Incheon, Kobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Sendai, Seoul, Tokyo, Yokohama,
Characteristics: Unadorned, clean and solid station design, often using coloured plates. Majority are run by Japan Railways Group, other trains mostly derived from those.

Michelin-Alstom rubber-tyred family
Members: Lausanne (line M2), Lyon (lines A, B, D), Marseille, Mexico City, Montreal, Paris (lines 1, 4, 6, 11, 14), Santiago (lines 1, 2, 5),
Characteristics: Rubber-tyred metro, developed by Michelin in the 1930s.
Derivatives: VAL family.

Rhine-Ruhr LRT family
Members: Bochum, Bonn, Cologne, Dortmund, Duesseldorf, Essen, Muelheim,
Characteristics: Using very similar (Type B) trains.

Siemens LRT family
Members: Calgary, Frankfurt, Noida, Portland, San Diego,
Characteristics: Older LRT train types are the same.
Derivatives: Rhine-Ruhr LRT family.

Spanish family
Members: Barcelona, Santo Domingo,
Characteristics: Using similar trains.

Spanish CAF family
Members: Algiers, Barcelona, Bilbao, Brussels, Delhi, Hong Kong, Istanbul, Madrid, Medellin, Mexico City, Palma de Mallorca, Rome, Santiago, Sao Paulo, Washington,
Characteristics: Similar trains from the same manufacturer.

US Boeing LRT family
Members: Boston, San Francisco (MUNI),
Characteristics: Same trains.

US Bombardier ART family
Members: Beijing (Airport Line), Detroit (people mover), Kuala Lumpur (Kelana Jaya Line), Miami (Metromover), New York (AirTrain JFK), Toronto (Scarborough RT), Vancouver (Expo Line, Millennium Line), Yongin (EverLine),
Characteristics: Similar 'automated rapid transit' trains. Vancouver and Kuala Lumpur use LIM technology.

US Budd family
Members: Baltimore, Miami,
Characteristics: Same trains.

US Rohr Industries family
Members: San Francisco (BART), Washington,
Characteristics: Similar, spacious trains with carpets.

VAL family
Members: Chicago (O'Hare Airport people mover), Lille, Paris (Orlyval, CDGVal airport trains), Rennes, Taipei, Toulouse, Turin, Uijeongbu,
Characteristics: Sleek, small, automated, rubber-tyred metros. Platforms are usually short and have platform screen doors.

Warsaw Pact family
Members: Bucharest, Budapest, Prague, Sofia,
Characteristics: The same type of trains as in the Soviet family is used (or newer developments), stations unadorned.









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