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(Peking), Municipality of Beijing, China (Asia)

Date of opening1 Oct 1969
Network length554 km (344.31 mi)
Stations334 (278*)
Lines18        Line history
Stations per line18.56
Avg. station distance1,753 m (1.09 mi)
Avg. line length30.78 km (19.13 mi)
*with transfer stations counted once
Numerical data by J. Serradell, 16 Feb 2016
System typemetro (known as Subway)
Daily ridership (by J. Kennes)6.74 million (as of 2012)
Daily ridership per km (per mi)12,200 (7,560)
Fare (10 km/10 stops; by UBS)0.15 EUR (as of 2009); access/exit gates
TrackRight, gauge: 1435 mm
Power supplyThird rail, 825 V
Air-conditioned trainsYes
Walk-through trainsAll lines
Rubber-tyred trainsNo
Driverless linesNo
Platform screen doorsPGDs on lines 5, 13. PSDs on lines 8, 10
World Metro Database

Official map
Source: jpg, © 2010

To-scale map

Disclaimer: Maps are copyrighted. The previews on this page are for informational purposes only. Please respect copyright and always refer to original maps.

Transit mapsSystem map imagesö - moving trains

Latest Openings

2014 – Line 14 extension. 35.7 km, 24 stations.
2014 – Line 15 westward extension. 10.2 km, 7 stations.
2014 – Line 6 eastward extension. 12.4 km, 7 stations.
2014 – Line 7. New line, 23.9 km, 21 stations.
2014 – Yanfang line. Through service to line 16. New line, 15.2 km, 9 stations.
28 Dec 2013 – Line 8 extensions north and south. 13.2 km, 9 stations.
21 Dec 2013 – Line 9, new intermediate station Military Museum provides transfer to Line 1. 1 station.
5 May 2013 – Line 10 extension. 2.1 km, 2 stations.
5 May 2013 – Line 14. New line, 12.0 km, 6 stations.

Metro Arts and Architecture

Examples of interesting station design:


Line 5 has a few interesting stations, the most striking one being Beiyuan North station. Line 15 consists of unique stations, all with elements in Chinese red. Line 4 has the most art in it, stations have frescos inspired by their surrounds. Line 6 stations are designed using grey bricks resembling the old buoldings and the Hutong district it passes. Line 10 stations under the CBD reflect the metal and modernity of skyscapers [].

Photo []: Beiyuan North station from 2007, alledgedly resembling a silkworm pod.

Self-Guided Tour

Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:

The short line 8 has the most interesting stations. Line 5 also has some. From December 2016, ride the Maglev line S1.

Relationships with Other Metros

US Bombardier ART family
Members: Beijing (Airport Line), Detroit (people mover), Kuala Lumpur (Kelana Jaya Line), Miami (Metromover), New York (AirTrain JFK), Toronto (Scarborough RT), Vancouver (Expo Line, Millennium Line), Yongin (EverLine),
Characteristics: Similar 'automated rapid transit' trains. Vancouver and Kuala Lumpur use LIM technology.

Chinese family
Members: Beijing, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Nanjing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Wuhan,
Characteristics: Unadorned, clean and solid station design, often using coloured plates. Western-style trains. Hong Kong acted as consultant for most Chinese metro cities.

Circle Lines

Isolated circle - Line 10 - 57.1 km - 45 stations - round trip 104 minutes - opened 2008 - completed 2013.
Isolated circle - Line 2 - 28 km - 18 stations - round trip 43 minutes - opened 1984 - completed 1987.
Terminal loop - Airport Express - 2 stations - completed 2008 - unidirectional.

Departure Procedure and Sounds

All trains (except Line 5, 8 and 10) have a loud ringing bell sound moments before the doors close. Older trains have a faint beep when the doors open and close. Newer trains have 1 or 2 beeps when the doors open and 1, 2 or 3 beeps as the doors close depending on the line. All announcements are in Mandarin and English: "Lieche qianfang de chezhan shi [name of station]. You zai [station] xiache de chengke, qing nin tiqian zuo hao zhunbei. [Station] jiu yao dao le." (Which means: The next station for this train is [station]. Passengers alighting at [station], please get ready. We will soon be arriving at [station]" (mp3 from When the train gets into the station: "[station] dao le", which means, "we've arrived at [station]".

Line 1 train departing from Jianguomen station.

Duration: 0:41  HD

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Handpicked Resources Official website

Generic Links for Beijing Subway

Wikipedia entry at entry at
Railway Gazette search at
Discussion at
System photos at Google Images
City information at

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