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Berlin

Berlin, Germany


Date of opening18 Feb 1902
Network length147.4 km (91.61 mi)
Stations195 (173*)
Lines10        Line history cityrailtransit.com
Stations per line19.50
Avg. station distance797 m (0.50 mi)
Avg. line length14.74 km (9.16 mi)
*with transfer stations counted once
Numerical data by J. Serradell, 11 Sep 2009
System typeMetro, known as U-Bahn
Daily ridership (by J. Kennes)1.38 million (as of 2011)
Daily ridership per km (per mi)9,390 (5,830)
Fare (10 km/10 stops; by UBS)2.10 EUR (as of 2009); honour system
TrackRight, gauge: 1435 mm
Power supplyThird rail, 750 V
Air-conditioned trains
Walk-through trainsYes
Rubber-tyred trains
Driverless lines
Platform screen doors
World Metro Database




Official map
Source: pdf, © 2010 bvg.de

Disclaimer: Maps are copyrighted. The previews on this page are for informational purposes only. Please respect copyright and always refer to original maps.

Transit mapsSystem map images
openbusmap.org/öpnvkarte.de
openptmap.org
tracker.geops.ch - moving trains
maps.google.com
images.google.com




Upcoming Openings

 2019 – Line U5 extension westwards from Alexanderplatz to Brandenburger Tor, absorbing line U55 to Hauptbahnhof. 2.2 km, 3 stations.




Metro Arts and Architecture

Examples of interesting station design:


Rating: 2 stars (silver)  Berlin

The Swedish architect Alfred Grenander has designed more than seventy underground and elevated station buildings in Berlin. His style evolved from decorative to modernist between 1902 and 1930 [untergrundbahn.de], [berliner-untergrundbahn.de].

Photo: Refurbished entrance building of Wittenbergplatz station, built in 1913 by Alfred Grenander.
The co-financing of the U-Bahn line to Dahlem (called U3 today) by the posh district of Wilmersdorf facilitated a prestigious architecture in some stations.

Photo [Daniel Erler, absence-of-fear.de]: Heidelberger Platz station from 1913 by Wilhelm Leitgebel.
Most of the newer stations in Berlin are by Rainer G. Rümmler. Designs range from 1960s Minimalist style and colourful 1970s Pop Art design to Postmodernism.

Photo [u-bahnbilder.de]: Postmodernist-style Rathaus Spandau station from 1984 by Rainer G. Rümmler.




Guided Tours

Tours of the metro system, guided by experts. For dates and reservation contact the tour operator or check their website.

Night tours of metro tunnels on a curious topless carriage. The 2 hours tour runs along several metro lines, covering a distance of 35 kilometers. Book early. Tour operator: BVG (metro operator).
Walking tours on metro tracks. Tour operator: BVG (metro operator).




Self-Guided Tour

Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:

The S-Bahn between Alexanderplatz and Savignyplatz provides a good overview of the city. Note Hauptbahnhof station on the way for the modern glass architecture. Walk 500 m south-east through Grolmannstraße to Uhlandstraße station and walk or take line U1 to Wittenbergplatz. Take a look at the restored Historism-style station from outside and inside, then take line U3 from there to the vaulted Heidelberger Platz station. Continue to Krumme Lanke open-air-station and walk a kilometer south to the spectacular Art Nouveau-style Mexikoplatz S-Bahn station. Take line S1 to Potsdamer Platz. The concourse from 1939 is notable for its interestingly lit columns. Take line U2 to Alexanderplatz for some good examples of architecture by Alfred Grenander and change to line U8 to Herrmannstraße for more examples. For Pop-Art stations by architect Rainer G. Rümmler, take line U7 and watch out between Fehrbelliner Platz and Rohrdamm. For Rümmler's lavish 1980s style, continue to Rathaus Spandau or take line U8 from Franz-Neumann-Platz to Wittenau.




Metro Museums

metro museum U-Bahn-Museum. An exhibition of signals, signage, ticket machines and other metro-related objects. Historical trains are used on special tours. Since 1999. Location: Abandoned control centre in a metro station.
At Olympia-Stadion metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): On the second Saturday of each month 10:30 to 16:00. Admission: 2 EUR.
Reference: ag-berliner-u-bahn.de (official website). bvg.de.

commuter rail museum S-Bahn-Museum. Thousands of artifacts from the unsteady history of Berlin's commuter metro between world war, cold war, re-unification and today. Everything outside the showcases may be touched. The permanent exhibition is being continuously updated. Since 1996. Location: Unused transformer substation.
Address: Rudolf-Breitscheid-Straße 203, 14482 Potsdam. At Griebnitzsee (S7) metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): April through November on the second weekend of each month, Saturday and Sunday 11:00 to 17:00. Admission: 2 EUR. Features: Special exhibitions, museum shop, guided tours upon appointment.
Reference: s-bahn-museum.de (official website).

on occasion museum Depot for Municipal Transport (Monumentenhalle). The usually closed train collection of the German Museum of Technology (Deutsches Technikmuseum) houses more than fifty historical vehicles of municipal transport, including horse trams, trams, buses, U-Bahn (metro), S-Bahn (commuter rail), M-Bahn (Maglev) trains and special vehicles in a hall of 4,000 square meters. The train depot is linked to the main museum building with a historical railway. Since 1995. Location: Historical train depot.
Address: Monumentenstrasse 15. At Yorckstrasse metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): Only annually on Sundays in September, 10 am to 6 pm. Admission: free.
Reference: sdtb.de, sdtb.de (official website).





Abandoned Lines

Berlin had 15 stations in the middle of the city closed after the wall went up in 1961, but these have now all re-opened since 1989. The sections of the Western network that passed under East Berlin were: Stadtmitte to Schwartzkopffstr. (line U6), Bernauer Str. to Heinrich-Heine-Str. (line U8), Potsdamer Platz to Nordbahnhof (lines S1, S2). During that period, all trains on those lines were pulling slowly through the dimly lit stations, where occasionally one or two armed GDR soldiers could be seen guarding the empty platforms.




Other Rail Transport in Berlin

S-Bahn (suburban metro)





Relationships with Other Metros

German-Austrian family
Members: Berlin, Munich, Nuremberg, Vienna,
Characteristics: Using similar trains.
Derivatives: Hamburg Consult family.



24-Hour Services

Friday, Saturday night: U-Bahn, S-Bahn.





Reaching the Beaches

Wannsee lake: Line S1 to Nikolassee (trip takes about 30 minutes).




Lines with a View

U-Bahn lines U1 and U2 provide a view of the new remarkable Potsdamer Platz buildings from the stretch between Gleisdreieck and Mendelssohn-Bartholdy-Park stations.
On the elevated Stadtbahn stretch, S-Bahn lines S5, S7, S75 and S9 provide nice views of Berlin's major landmarks

Photo by stadtbahner.de
Also on the Stadtbahn line.

Photo by stadtbahner.de




Metro Fonts

Typefaces designed exclusively for this metro:

Font NameDesignerYearSampleAvailabilityReference
U8 Alfred Grenander architectural office1923fatype.combuchstabenmuseum.de
Transit (based on Frutiger) Erik Spiekermann, Lucas de Groot, Henning Krause1991fontshop.comtypophile.com




Circle Lines

Shared circle - S41/S42 - 37 km - 27 stations - round trip 62 minutes - opened 1871 - completed 1877 - Suburban metro, circular operation suspended 1961-2002.




Departure Procedure and Sounds

After a train arrives in station: "Zug nach [terminal station]" (meaning "Train to [terminal station]"), a few moments before departure: "Einsteigen, bitte" ("Please board"; mp3 from haltestellenansage.de), departure announcement: "Zurückbleiben, bitte!" ("Please stand back"; mp3 from haltestellenansage.de), all by a pre-recorded female voice) and a buzzing while the doors close, similar to Paris. Next-station announcements are like "[Dong] [name], Übergang zur U-Bahnlinie [line], Ausstieg rechts" ("[Dong] [name], transfer to subway line [line], exit on the right"; mp3 from haltestellenansage.de).



Line U8 train departing from Rathaus Reinickendorf station.

Duration: 0:25 

More videos...




Photos

  Berlin photo gallery.Wallpaper.




Metro Movies

Films with scenes set on this metro:

1981: Christiane F.
1987: Wings of Desire
1998: Run Lola Run
2002: Equilibrium
2002: Resident Evil
2004: The Bourne Supremacy
2005: Flightplan
2008: Berlin Calling




Handpicked Resources

denkbahn.deDenkBahn. Texts and audio guide about station architecture (In German)
bvg.de Official website
mic-ro.comBerlin U-Bahn Architectural Map. metrobits.org.
Bongiorno, Biagia Die Bahnhöfe der Berliner Hoch- und Untergrundbahn. Verkehrsdenkmale in Berlin. Petersberg, 2007. A detailed book about 81 metro stations that are preserved historical monuments. (In German)
Buschmann, UlfU-Bahnhöfe Berlin. Berlin Story Verlag, 2012. Superb photographs of 20 interesting stations. (In German/English)
Gympel, JanTunnel mit Tiefgang: Mit der U-Bahn durch Berlin. Elefanten Press 1993. (In German)
Klünner, Hans-WernerS- und U-Bahnarchitektur in Berlin. Senator für Bau- und Wohnungswesen Berlin 1985. Exhibition booklet (In German)
Loop, Andréuntergrundbahn.de A website including photos of all stations. (In German)
Mauruszat, AxelDas Berliner U-Bahn-Archiv. Online versions of historical documents (In German)
Sansculottede.wikipedia.org Chronological map with opening dates




Generic Links for Berlin U-Bahn

Wikipedia entry at wikipedia.org
Urbanrail.net entry at urbanrail.net
Railway Gazette search at railwaygazette.com
Discussion at skyscrapercity.com
System photos at Google Images
City information at wikipedia.org









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