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Hamburg, Germany

Date of opening1 Mar 1912
Network length104.7 km (65.07 mi)
Stations99 (91*)
Lines4        Line history
Stations per line24.75
Avg. station distance1,102 m (0.68 mi)
Avg. line length26.18 km (16.27 mi)
*with transfer stations counted once
Numerical data by J. Serradell, 28 Dec 2012
According to official website
System typeMetro, known as U-Bahn
Daily ridership (by J. Kennes)545,000 (as of 2011)
Daily ridership per km (per mi)5,210 (3,240)
Fare collectionHonour system
TrackRight, gauge: 1435 mm
Power supplyThird rail, 750 V
Air-conditioned trainsDT5 type train sets
Walk-through trainsDT5 type train sets
Rubber-tyred trains
Driverless lines
Platform screen doors
World Metro Database

Official map
Source: pdf, © 2014

Disclaimer: Maps are copyrighted. The previews on this page are for informational purposes only. Please respect copyright and always refer to original maps.

Transit mapsSystem map imagesö - moving trains

Latest Openings

9 Dec 2012 – New line U4 from Billstedt to Hafencity-Universität. New line, 4.0 km, 2 stations.

Upcoming Openings

Dec 2018 – Line U4 extension from Hafencity-Universitaet to Elbbruecken (transfer to line S3). 1.1 km, 1 station.

Metro Arts and Architecture

Examples of interesting station design:

Rating: 1 star – interesting!  Hamburg

After decades of ignoring design aspects and thoughtlessly polluting station interiors with giant advertising billboards, there's evidence that metro operator HHA is gradually rediscovering the value of its architectural heritage and developing fresh ideas.

Photo: Klosterstern station from 1929 on line U1, accurately restored in 1986 back to its original style.
Some historic stations have been preserved, and a few featureless stations have recently been transformed into spaces with interesting design and less advertising [].

Photo: St. Pauli station from 1912. Since 1999, a deconstructivist glass roof contrasts with the historic sandstone entrance and shelters it from weather influences. The historic design at platform level has not been preserved, however.

  More Hamburg photos...

Guided Tours

Tours of the metro system, guided by experts. For dates and reservation contact the tour operator or check their website.

Two free guided tours are occasionally being offered in German: one is a look behind the scenes of metro operation and security, the other one is a visit to the operations control centre. Check website for dates. Reservation is mandatory. Tour operator: HHA.

Self-Guided Tour

Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:

Take line U3 from Landungsbrücken to Hauptbahnhof for an elevated view of the harbour on the right hand side and a steep decline into the tunnel after Rödingsmarkt station. Change to line S21 and watch out for the Alster lake on both sides of the track before getting off at the nicely preserved Dammtor railway station. Walk across the pedestrian bridge to Stephansplatz station and take line U1 to Klosterstern for its preserved Art Deco style. If you have more time, ride the circular line U3 for an overview of the city and some interesting stations. An MP3 audio tour for line U3 is available (in German) at

Other Rail Transport in Hamburg

S-Bahn (suburban metro)

Relationships with Other Metros

Hamburg Consult family
Members: Amsterdam, Athens, Dublin (DART), Hamburg (types DT2, DT3),
Characteristics: Hamburg's metro operator had been consultant to other cities until the 1970s, so the older train types in these cities look similar.

24-Hour Services

Friday, Saturday night: U-Bahn, S-Bahn.

Reaching the Beaches

Baltic Sea: A regional rail line runs from Hamburg Central Station via Lübeck to Travemünde Strand (300 m from beach). Takes about 90 minutes.

Lines with a View

From Rödingsmarkt to Landungsbrücken, the elevated U3 line runs for about 1 km along the harbourfront with a view of oceanliners and historic stock buildings.

Photo by
Suburban line S21 offers a nice view of the downtown lakes on both sides of the tracks between Dammtor and Hauptbahnhof stations.

Circle Lines

Pan-shaped loop - Line U3 - 17.5 km - 23 stations - round trip 38 minutes - completed 1912 - circular operation was suspended 1967-2009.

Departure Procedure and Sounds

A pre-recorded female voice says "Zurückbleiben bitte!" (MP3), followed by about 16 short beeps. The same voice announces the next stations in the trains, "Nächster Halt: [station name]". It is the voice of Ingrid Metz-Neun, who has dubbed Marilyn Monroe in German versions of many movies. For some stations, a male voice follows in English with reference to places of interest.

Line U1 train departing from Klosterstern station.

Duration: 0:20 

More videos...


  Hamburg photo gallery.

Metro Movies

Films with scenes set on this metro:

1974: The Odessa File

Handpicked Resources

hochbahnbuch.deHochbahnbuch. History and development of Hamburg's U-Bahn (In German) Independent website with station photos (In German)
Hochbahn 2008.Stationen Hamburger Architektur. Metro station architecture (In German) Official website metro operator Official website transport and tariff association
Bouchain, Chronological map with opening dates
Frühauf, AnneDie Bauwerke des Schienenverkehrs in Hamburg. Christians 1994. (In German)
Grundmann, Friedhelm; Michael ZapfIm Wandel der Zeit: Die Bauten der Hamburger Hochbahn neu gesehen von Studierenden der Architektur. HHA 2004. Exhibition booklet about station architecture (In German)

Generic Links for Hamburg U-Bahn

Wikipedia entry at entry at
Railway Gazette search at
Discussion at
System photos at Google Images
City information at

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