2018 – Crossrail extension from Liverpool St with tunnel stations at Farringdon, Tottenham Court Rd, Bond St, and Paddington, linking to main lines to Heathrow and Maidenhead. 4 stations. 2018 – Crossrail with a new tunnel from Liverpool St to Whitechapel, linking to the main line from Stratford to Shenfield. New line, 2 stations.
London's Underground ('tube') was not only the world's first metro but also the first to have a corporate design, including the Johnston typeface (Edward Johnston 1916), the roundel logo (Frank Pick 1918), and the diagrammatic map (Henry C. Beck 1933). This groundbreaking concept is still in use today almost unmodified [ltmuseum.co.uk] and has influenced many other metros.
Photo: Notting Hill Gate station on the Circle Line, dating back to 1868.
There are some examples of interesting station
architecture in London outside the city centre. Charles Holden is
responsible for the design of fifty underground stations as well as London
Transport's headquarters at 55 Broadway [tube.tfl.gov.uk].
For the Piccadilly Line stretch to Cockfosters, Holden
developed a modernist approach in the 1930's. The original art deco furnishing of that time is surviving in some of the stations.
Photo: Cylindrical entrance building of Southgate station, built in 1933.
There are works of art in some of London's tube stations [tube.tfl.gov.uk].
The Jubilee Line Extension's spacious stations built in 1999
have been distinctly designed by a couple of famous architects,
including Foster & Partners, Ian Ritchie and Michael Hopkins [tube.tfl.gov.uk], [lrb.co.uk], [trainweb.org], [wilson].
Photo: The daylit intermediate concourse of Southwark station (1999) by McCormac Jamieson Prichard architects.
Tours of the metro system, guided by experts. For dates and reservation contact the tour operator or check their website.
2-hour tour of the world's oldest transit system. Hear the fascinating and bizarre stories behind the history and design. Travel along the proposed "Viking Line" and see the "ghost station" at the British Museum. Tour operator: getyourguide.com.
Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:
Visit London Transport Museum, the largest and most influential of its kind in the world, and browse for books or fancy metro memorabilia in the large attached museum store. Ride the Circle Line and take a special look at Baker Street, the world's first underground station from 1863. Note the tube logo, the ubiquitous Johnston typeface and the tube map, the three groundbreaking design elements that remain almost unchanged since the beginning of the 20th century. For some Modernist stations from the 1930s by metro station architecture guru Charles Holden, ride the Piccadilly Line to Cockfosters. Take a seat in the first row of a DLR train for elevated views of the city and the Docklands.
London Transport Museum. Conserving and explaining the capital city's transport heritage, offering an understanding of the capital's past and future development. LTM aims to be the world's leading museum of urban transport. Since 1973. Location: Historic flower market building. Address: Covent Garden Piazza, London, WC2E 7BB. At Covent Garden metro station. Hours (check before visiting): Saturday to Thursday 10.00 to 18.00 (last admission 17.15), Friday 11.00 to 21.00. Admission: 10 GBP. Features: big museum shop, café, library, educational programmes, lectures, special events. Reference: ltmuseum.co.uk (official website).
Museum Depot. Holds the majority of the London Transport Museum's collections which are not on display in Covent Garden. Houses over 370,000 items of all types, including many original works of art used for the Museum's celebrated poster collection, vehicles, signs, models, photographs, engineering drawings and uniforms. On 6000 square metres these form one of the most comprehensive and important records of urban transport anywhere in the world. Address: 118-120 Gunnersbury Lane, London W3 8BQ. At Acton Town metro station. Hours (check before visiting): Only during special events. Reference: ltmuseum.co.uk (official website).
The Jubilee Line Extension Project has cooperated from the early planning stages in 1992 with the Museum of London Archaeology. The successful cooperation helped to prevent unplanned delays and lead to valuable discoveries about London's history .
Closed sections of the London Underground network:
1. Acton Town – South Acton (28 February 1959). This short branch of the District line had been worked as a shuttle with single-car trains from 1932 until closure.
2. Holborn – Aldwych (30 September 1994). This was a short in-town branch of the Piccadilly line left over from a merger of two separate schemes during the construction phase. It was worked a shuttle for most of its active life. The line still exists and is used for filming and other special purposes.
3. Epping – Ongar (30 September 1994). The outer end of a former main line railway this line had steam-worked trains connecting with the Central line services from Epping to central London from 1949 until its electrification in 1957. It never had a regular service under London Transport operation to the centre of London and housing development in the area it served was not permitted after the war. Following closure to normal passenger traffic it has subsequently been restored as a steam operated heritage railway.
4. Green Park – Charing Cross, closed in 1999 with a new Charing Cross opening. It must have been the shortest-lived part of London Underground as it was only used for passenger traffic between 1979 and 1999 when the Jubilee line was diverted via Westminster and Waterloo on its way to Stratford.
English Channel (Atlantic Ocean): Frequent suburban line services from King's Cross, City Thameslink, London Bridge or Victoria station to Brighton (trip takes approx. 50-70 minutes) or from Gatwick airport to Brighton (30 minutes). The London, Tilbury and Southend line goes to Southend and Margate, popular resorts on the Essex coast.
Docklands Light Rail (DLR) is a driverless metro, and especially from the seats in the first row you can see it all: yacht harbours, skyscrapers, the Millennium Dome and much more. The photo shows one of the red-blue DLR trains swooshing past near Limehouse station.
Shared circle - Circle Line - 22.5 km - 27 stations - opened 1863 - completed 1884. Pan-shaped loop - Central Line - 23 km - 14 stations - completed 1948 - near Hainault (operated as loop in peak hours only). Abandoned or operationally split circle - Overground - 33 stations - opened 2007 - completed 2012 - split at Clapham Junction and Highbury & Islington. Terminal loop - Piccadilly Line - 2 stations - at Heathrow, unidirectional.
A faint chirping sound before the doors close. Announcements differ: Jubilee Line ("Please mind the doors"), Northern Line ("Stand back from the doors"), Bakerloo Line ("This train is about to depart, please mind the doors"; this is rarely said though), the rest just seem to make a beeping noise or on the Central Line just a loud kind of screech... When the train comes to a halt, there's sometimes the famous recurring "Mind the gap!" by an automated male voice (wav), sometimes a single "Mind the gap between the train and the platform" by a female voice (wav from emmaclarke.com).
Jubilee Line train departing from Canary Wharf station.
Arriving train and the famous "Mind the Gap!" voice. The station is probably Piccadilly Circus.