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Paris

Ile-de-France, France (Europe)


Date of opening19 Jul 1900
Network length219.9 km (136.67 mi)
Stations383 (303*)
Lines16
Stations per line23.94
Avg. station distance599 m (0.37 mi)
Avg. line length13.74 km (8.54 mi)
*with transfer stations counted once
Numerical data by J. Serradell, 16 Dec 2013
System typemetro (known as Métro)
Daily ridership (by J. Kennes)4.18 million (2011)
Daily ridership per km (per mi)19,000 (11,800)
Fare (10 km/10 stops; by UBS)1.57 EUR (2009); access gates (metro), access/exit gates (RER), smartcard ('Navigo')
24-hour operationNo
TrackRight (metro), left (RER), gauge: 1435 mm
Power supplyThird rail, 750 V
Air-conditioned trainsLines 1, 2, 5, 9
Walk-through trainsLines 1, 2, 5, 7bis, 9, 14
Rubber-tyred trainsLines 1, 4, 6, 11, 14
Driverless linesLines 1, 14, rubber-tyred (since 1998)
Platform screen doorsLines 1, 13 (part), 14
World Metro Database




Official map
Source: pdf, © 2009 ratp.fr


To-scale map
Source: cityrailtransit.com

Disclaimer: Maps are copyrighted. The previews on this page are for informational purposes only. Please respect copyright and always refer to original maps.




Latest Openings

31 Mar 2013 – Line 4 extension southwards from Porte d'Orléans to Montrouge. 1.1 km, 1 station.




Upcoming Openings

2017 – Line 12 extension northwards from Front Populaire to Mairie d’Aubervilliers. 2 stations.
2017 – Line 14 extension northwards from Saint Lazare to Mairie de Saint Ouen. 5.8 km, 4 stations.
2019 – Line 4 extension southwards from Montrouge to Bagneux. 2 km, 2 stations.
2019 – Line 11 extension eastwards from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-Bois-Perrier (link to RER E). 6.3 km, 6 stations.




Metro Arts and Architecture

Examples of interesting station design:


Rating: 3 stars (gold)  Paris

The distinctive, ornate, Art Nouveau metro entrances designed by Hector Guimard are a famous synonym for Paris's metro. Some are lost but 88 of them still exist [parisinconnu.com]. RATP has given reproductions to the subways in Chicago, Lisbon, Mexico City and the MoMA in New York, and an original entrance to Montreal [metrodemontreal.com].

Photo [Daniel Alhadeff]: The entrance at Porte Dauphine station, opened in 1900, is one of the larger ones.
The elegant metro stations in Paris are mostly column-free vaults with white bevelled tiles that look similar throughout. The system was inaugurated in 1900. Everything has been refurbished for its 100th anniversary.

Photo [Mike Nguyen]: Cité station on line 4.
An enjoyable architecture has also been implemented in Paris's newest RER stations as well as in the stations of the new driverless metro line 14 (Météor).

Photo: Magenta RER station with its interesting lighting.




Guided Tours

Tours of the metro system, guided by experts. For dates and reservation contact the tour operator or check their website.

Guided night tours on a historic train for about €50 from time to time. Tours are suspended at the moment "due to an incident" in 2007. Tour operator: ADEMAS (Association D’Exploitation du Matériel Sprague).
Guided walking tours of interesting spots in the metro system. Tour operator: ADEMAS (Association D’Exploitation du Matériel Sprague).




Self-Guided Tour

Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:

Make a circular ride on the partly elevated lines 2 and 6 to get an overview of the city. In the streets watch out for Hector Guimard's Art Nouveau metro entrance structures. The biggest ones are at Porte Dauphine and Abbesse stations. Take a look into the historic ticket hall at Saint Lazare station where lines 12 and 13 meet. Other noteworthy stations are Louvre Rivoli (line 1) and Arts et Métiers (line 11). The most interesting RER line is E. Riding the modern automated line 14 is also obligatory. The most rewarding tram line is T3 that runs along the city's border.





Metro Museum

AMTUIR – Musée des Transports Urbains.
Address: 163, boulevard Charles de Gaulle - 92 700 Colombes. At Porte Dorée metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): Currently closed.
Reference: amtuir.org (official website).





Archaeology

During construction of the new driverless line 14 in 1990, several canoe-shaped boats have been found and excavated ten meters below the banks of the Seine river. The boats were made of hollowed-out logs and date back to 2800-2500 BC, making them among the earliest signs of human settlement of tribes in the area. They are now housed in the Carnavalet museum [14].

Exhibits in stations:
  • Bastille: Foundations of the Bastille (a former prison where the French Revolution started in 1789), uncovered during metro construction.




Other Rail Transport in Paris

RER (suburban metro)




Relationships with Other Metros

Michelin-Alstom rubber-tyred family
Members: Lausanne (line M2), Lyon (lines A, B, D), Marseille, Mexico City, Montreal, Paris (lines 1, 4, 6, 11, 14), Santiago (lines 1, 2, 5),
Characteristics: Rubber-tyred metro, developed by Michelin in the 1930s.
Derivatives: VAL family.

VAL family
Members: Chicago (O'Hare Airport people mover), Lille, Paris (Orlyval, CDGVal airport trains), Rennes, Taipei, Toulouse, Turin, Uijeongbu,
Characteristics: Sleek, small, automated, rubber-tyred metros. Platforms are usually short and have platform screen doors.





Lines with a View

Line 6 and line 2 together form a circle around the city. They run mostly on elevated tracks and provide views of the Eiffel tower (from Pont de Bir Hakeim) and other sights. Line 1 provides a view of La Defense.

Photo by metrobits.org
Line 6 on the Pont de Bir Hakeim.

Photo by railfaneurope.net




Metro Fonts

Typefaces designed exclusively for this metro:

Font NameDesignerYearSampleAvailabilityReference
Metropolitain (in six variations) Hector Guimard1901myfonts.com, myfonts.com, dafont.comDescouturelle, Frédéric; et. al.: Le métropolitain d'Hector Guimard. Somogy 2003.
Alphabet Métro (based on Univers) Adrian Frutiger1973stbride.org
Parisine Jean François Porchez1996typofonderie.com, myfonts.comstbride.org, creativepro.com, typofonderie.com




Circle Lines

Pan-shaped loop - Line 7bis - 4 stations - opened 1911 - completed 1921 - unidirectional loop.
Proposed ring - Arc Express - 50 km - 50 stations - round trip 75 minutes - to be opened 2017 - proposed, driverless.
Terminal loop - Several lines - Paris has the largest number of unidirectional terminal loops worldwide, two of them used with passengers: Nation on line 2, Charles de Gaulle - Etoile on line 6.




Departure Procedure and Sounds

Buzzing indicates the closing doors (mp3 from navily.net). Next station announcements can be heard on line 1, 3 and 14. Before some announcements, a jingle is played (mp3 from navily.net) . On RER lines at this moment only newer or renovated trains have automated announcements. At curved stations there is the message "Attention à la marche en descendant du train", which means "Watch your step as you disembark."

Paris

Line 6 train departing from Pasteur station. This is the sound of a rubber-tyred metro.

Length: 24 sec.

Videos of other metros




Photos

  Paris photo gallery.Wallpaper.




Metro Movies

Films with scenes set on this metro:

1960: Zazie dans le métro
2002: Irreversible
2006: Paris, je t'aime




Handpicked Resources

metro-pole.net Historic maps and much more (In French)
metrorama.free.fr Panorama images of stations
planetepixel.com The nicest stations in panorama images
ratp.fr Official website
Descouturelle, Frédéric et. al.Le métropolitain d'Hector Guimard. Somogy 2003. (In French)
Lamming, CliveMétro insolite. Parigramme 2005. Interesting guide book (In French)
Ovenden, MarkParis Métro Style. Capital Transport 2008. Incredibly detailed review of the métro's history and design, US title: Paris Underground, Penguin 2009.
Tricoire, JeanUn siècle de métro en 14 lignes. La Vie du Rail 2005. (In French)



Generated Links for Paris Métro

Line history (cityrailtransit.com)
Photos (images.google.com)
Maps (images.google.com)
Wikipedia entry (wikipedia.org)
Urbanrail.net entry (urbanrail.net)
Skyscrapercity discussion (skyscrapercity.com)
City information about Paris (wikipedia.org)






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