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Tokyo

Tokyo Prefecture, Japan


Date of opening30 Dec 1927
Network length304.5 km (189.25 mi)
Stations290 (205*)
Lines13        Line history cityrailtransit.com
Stations per line22.31
Avg. station distance1,099 m (0.68 mi)
Avg. line length23.42 km (14.56 mi)
*with transfer stations counted once
Numerical data by J. Serradell, 14 Sep 2008
According to Mr. Osamu Abe. Saitama, Yurikamone, Monorail, Yamanote, Chuo, Rinkai not incl.
System typeMetro
Daily ridership (by J. Kennes)8.5 million (as of 2011)
Daily ridership per km (per mi)27,900 (17,300)
Fare (10 km/10 stops; by UBS)1.57 EUR (as of 2009); gates, smartcard ('Suica')
TrackLeft, gauge: 1067, 1435 (Ginza, Marunouchi, Asakusa, Oedo lines), 1372 (Shinjuku line) mm
Power supplyOverhead wire, third rail (Ginza, Marunouchi lines), 1500 V, 600 V (Ginza, Marunouchi lines)
Air-conditioned trainsYes
Walk-through trainsYes
Rubber-tyred trainsYurikamome line
Driverless linesYurikamome Waterfront line, rubber-tyred (since 1995)
Platform screen doorsMarunouchi, Mita, Namboku, Yurakucho, Yurikamome lines
World Metro Database




Official map
Source: pdf, © 2010 tokyometro.jp


To-scale map
Source: cityrailtransit.com

Disclaimer: Maps are copyrighted. The previews on this page are for informational purposes only. Please respect copyright and always refer to original maps.

Transit mapsSystem map images
openbusmap.org/öpnvkarte.de
openptmap.org
tracker.geops.ch - moving trains
maps.google.com
images.google.com




Metro Arts and Architecture

Examples of interesting station design:


Rating: 1 star (bronze)  Tokyo

All stations on Tokyo's Oedo line (opened in 2000) have been created by different well reputed architects, selected through a design competition [g-mark.org], [makoto-architect.com], [jrtr.net (PDF)]. The organic designs on platform and street levels of Iidabashi station are the world's first examples of computer-generated "evolutionary architecture" as architect Makoto Watanabe describes it in his book (see Reference).

Photo [gandamu]: Entrance of Iidabashi station.




Self-Guided Tour

Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:

The metro network is huge, clean and rather featureless. The Oedo Line is different because every station has been designed with ambition by different architects. The elevated Yurikamome Waterfront line provides nice views.




Metro Museums

metro museum Tokyo Subway Museum (Chikatetsu Hakubutsukan). Shows the full story of Tokyo subways in fascinating detail. Since 1986.
Address: 6-3-1 Higashi-Kasai, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 134-0084 (100 m east of Kasai station). At Kasai metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): Closed Mondays. Admission: 200 YEN. Features: Museum shop, lecture-hall, rest lounge, library.
Reference: chikahaku.jp (in Japanese) (official website). japaneserailwaysociety.com.

commuter rail museum The Railway Museum. 30 km north of Tokyo, located in Saitama, this is Japan's leading railway museum and the centerpiece of the JR East 20th Anniversary Memorial Project. The museum preserves both the physical elements and heritage of trams, commuter railways and railways in Japan and abroad. The museum also conducts research and development. Features trains and driving simulators of Shinkansen, Keihin Tohoku Line, Yamanote Line, and others. Since 2007.
Address: 3-47, Onari-cho, Omiya-ku, Saitama-city, Saitama, tel. 048-651-0088. At Shinkansen to JR Omiya Station and New Shuttle rubber-tyred people mover to Tetsudo-Hakubutsukan metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): 10:00-18:00, closed on Tuesdays. Admission: 1000 Yen. Features: 30 railway cars, train cab simulators, railway model dioramas, cafeteria, museum shop, research room.
Reference: railway-museum.jp (official website).

commuter rail museum Keio Rail-Land. This small museum is operated by the private railway operator Keio Corporation. The outdoor exhibition area houses five former Keio EMU cars. Keio Rail-Land offers many attractions, including a large-scale ‘experience simulator’ where visitors can operate a train and learn, touch, and experience how railroads work. Since 2000.
Address: Hino City, Tokyo Hodokubo 3-36-39, phone: 042-593-3526. At Tama-Dobutsu-Koen (Dobutsuen Line, Tama Monorail) metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): 9:30 to 17:30, last entry: 17:00. Closed: Wednesday. Admission: 250 Yen. Features: Simulator, diorama, quiz station, mini train, vehicle exhibition.
Reference: keio-rail-land.jp (official website). japan-trip.jp.





Metro City Hopping

Tokyo is part of the Tokyo cluster of metro/subway cities with the following urban rail connections:

  Tokyo    Sobu Line (commuter metro)    Chiba      35 km
  Tokyo    Keio Line / Keio New Line (metro)    Tama      31 km
  Tokyo    Toyoko, Yokosuka, or Kelhin Tohoku Lines (metro)    Yokohama      28 km
  Yokohama    Negishi Line via Ofuna station (metro)    Kamakura      18 km





Relationships with Other Metros

Japanese-Korean family
Members: Busan, Daegu, Daejeon, Fukuoka, Gwangju, Incheon, Kobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Sendai, Seoul, Tokyo, Yokohama,
Characteristics: Unadorned, clean and solid station design, often using coloured plates. Majority are run by Japan Railways Group, other trains mostly derived from those.




Maglev or LIM Technology

LIM: Linear Induction Motor technology utilizes the repelling and attracting forces of electromagnets to move steel-on-wheel trains forward:
  • Oedo Line



Express Services

Shinjuku Line, Tozai Line, and Asakusa Line have express services.




Lines with a View

There are nice views from the Tokyo-Haneda Monorail which links Haneda airport with the city.

Photo by monorails.org
Another line with nice views is the new Waterfront line (Rinkai Line) near Tokyo Teleport.

Photo by faculty.washington.edu




Circle Lines

Isolated circle - Yamanote Line - 34.5 km - 29 stations - round trip 64 minutes - opened 1872 - completed 1914 - Suburban metro.
Pan-shaped loop - O-Edo Line - 28 km - 26 stations - round trip 59 minutes - opened 1991 - completed 2000.
Spiral - Yurikamome Line - Inclinational spiral near Shibaura-Futo station, elevated, climbing Rainbow Bridge.




Departure Procedure and Sounds

Asakusa Line (Keikyu train in this soundfile): door chime (rm from ototetsu.jp). Yamanote line: In some stations, hypnotizing little melodies are played before departure (e.g. au or au from issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp). Yamanote announcement (wav by Simon ten Kate).





Metro Movies

Films with scenes set on this metro:

1994: Angel Dust
2001: Suicide Club




Handpicked Resources

tokyometro.jp Official website Tokyo Metro
kotsu.metro.tokyo.jp Official website TOEI
Schwandl, RobertMetros & Trams in Japan, Vol. 1: Tokyo Region. Schwandl-Verlag 2016.
Shaw, Dennis; Hisashi MorokawaTokyo Subways. Hoikusha 1992.




Generic Links for Tokyo Metro

Wikipedia entry at wikipedia.org
Urbanrail.net entry at urbanrail.net
Railway Gazette search at railwaygazette.com
Discussion at skyscrapercity.com
System photos at Google Images
City information at wikipedia.org









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